Harmonizing to Ward S ( 2010 ) Leadership is the art of actuating a group of people to move in a specific manner towards accomplishment of a common end. A leader therefore is a individual who has a combination of accomplishments and personality that will do people want to follow his or her way. The leader should hold the ability to pull off all the resources under his or her disposal.
Successful leading as a subject involves pass oning, oversing and animating people under his or her leading.
On the other manus, Management is the organisation and co-ordination of the activities of an endeavor in conformity with certain policies and accomplishment of certain pre-defined aims.
As a subject, it involves preparation of policies, forming, planning, commanding and directing house ‘s resources towards accomplishment of the policy aims.
Harmonizing to Reh.J. ( 2010 ) a director is a individual who plans and directs the work of other persons by supervising their work and taking disciplinary action when necessary.
Skills are the capacities and abilities obtained through deliberate and sustained attempts to transport out complex activities or occupation maps. It involves usage of thoughts ( cognitive accomplishments ) , interacting with people ( interpersonal accomplishments ) and making things ( proficient accomplishments ) .
Qualities are the properties that define the grade of excellence. Something of quality is that which is free from lacks and ineffectualness. Knowledge is the expertness acquired by a individual through instruction or pattern. Ability is the acquired or natural capacity, competency or endowment that enables an single to execute a peculiar occupation or undertaking successfully any clip.
This paper will analyse the specific accomplishments, cognition, qualities and abilities that an person will necessitate to develop to go an effectual leader and director.
There is an statement that there is a difference between a leader and a director. Indeed it is true that all leaders must be directors foremost but non all directors are leaders.
There are several theories put frontward to separate between leaders and followings.
Harmonizing to Cherry K ( 2010 ) there are several leading theories. These include:
Great adult male theory: It postulates that great leaders are born and non made. Leaderships in this group are heroic, mythic and their fate is to lift to leading whenever needed.
Trait theory: This theory assumes that people inherit certain traits and qualities that enable them to be best suited for leading. The theory identifies peculiar personality and behavioural features which are common for all leaders.
Eventuality theories: This theory focuses on variables related to the environment that determine the leading manner to be used in different state of affairss. Therefore leading manners will hold to be changed harmonizing to the state of affairs.
Success hence depends on assorted variables like the state of affairs in inquiry, the qualities of followings, figure of variables and leading manner.
Situational theories: Leaderships will take leading manners depending on the state of affairs. Different leading manners may be more appropriate for certain determination doing than others.
Behavioral theory: This theory is based on the belief that great leaders are made and non born.
Harmonizing to the theory people can larn to be leaders through observing and acquisition.
Participative theory: In this manner the end product of others is taken into history in determination.Leaders
will therefore encourage engagement and part of the group members and do the
members to experience more relevant and committed to the determination devising procedure.
Management theory: This theory is based on the system of wages and penalty. In this instance, when employees win, they are rewarded and when they fail they are punished. The function of the director is thought to be focused on supervising, organisation and group public presentation.
Relationship theory: This theory focuses on the connexion between followings and leaders. Leaderships motivate and inspire followings by assisting the group members to see the importance of the undertaking. Leaderships in this group will hold high moral criterions because they are focused on public presentation of group members and they want everyone to carry through his or her possible.
An effectual leader must hold followings because the kernel of leading is to convert people to move the manner you want. Therefore, a leader must hold the ability to convert people to draw people towards his way. This will imply good communicating in order to explicate ends clearly to the followings. This will convey approximately better consequences because the followings understand the ends to be achieved good.
Harmonizing to Walker.C.A. ( 2005 ) effectual leading must be built on a solid foundation which is in bend dependant on the qualities of unity and humbleness. He goes farther and defines unity as soundness of character, honestness, uprightness, earnestness and good moral character. Integrity non merely influences the ends that leaders chose but besides the type of followings that they get. It means therefore that, high unity builds trust, award, regard and trueness among followings.
Humility on the other manus, has the consequence of avoiding haughtiness in the work topographic point and besides allows you to portion glorification and celebrate success with followings.
Therefore, to be successful as a leader, you should construct your personal and organisational codification of behavior on humbleness and unity.
Harmonizing to White B. ( 2010 ) , a good leader has several qualities that characterize him or her. These qualities can be summarized as:
Handiness: A leader should be available and in touch with the people he leads. This means that he should be sensitive to the demands of people and react in clip.
Keeping good relationship: Successful concern leaders know the importance of good relationships. They will therefore prioritise on minimising struggle and deficiency of harmoniousness.
Self motive and development: Successful leaders will make anything acceptable to guarantee that their accomplishments and cognition base is kept on path because they know the importance of personal and professional development. They therefore set and usage ends for actuating themselves and others.
Appropriate usage of authorization: Good leaders use their authorization with wisdom and sensitiveness to different fortunes. Authority should therefore non be used in satisfying or advancing oneself or even commanding or ruling others.
Understanding of group kineticss: Successful leaders are good at utilizing both the strengths and failings of a group to accomplish the best consequences. They besides have the ability of conveying groups together by taking them without struggle and minimising harmoniousness.
Having inducements and edifice squad spirit: A consequence orientated leader will give his juniors inducements in order to better their public presentation and maintain quality consequences.
Harmonizing to Burger ( 2004 ) , there are certain abilities that a good leader should hold several critical abilities. Harmonizing to him, leaders are born leaders and develop harmonizing to their environment and instruction. Management on the other manus, can be learnt and obtained by sufficient preparation, instruction and geting extra accomplishments.
Leaderships are necessary to drive the vision place and doing certain that the thrust stays alive in the Black Marias of the staff, members and subscribers.
The abilities which are really critical for leaders are:
Promoting workers to be originative and contribute: This is achieved by puting guidelines and promoting them to take part at their degree.
Peoples are persons: Understand the strengths and failings of the members of your group, listen to their frights and promote them to accomplish their aspirations.
Lead by illustration: A leader should hold the ability to construct up a squad to back up him or her and this means that the leader should first voluntary. Therefore the illustration that is set by the person is followed by the remainder of the squad.
Harmonizing to Francis M ( 2007 ) the quality of a director and effectual direction manners determine the civilization of the organisation, productiveness of its staff and the ultimate success of the organisation. As such a director should striver to utilize the best Management manners.
A director should hold the ability to direct supervise, encourage, inspire and coordinate and as a consequence facilitate action and usher alteration. In making this the director should develop his qualities and those of others.
Directors use planning, Organizational and communicating accomplishments. There are certain other accomplishments which must be possessed by effectual directors. These accomplishments are:
Creative job work outing skills-A good director should hold the ability to depict and analyse a job critically. During the analysis, there is demand for a good director to place the causes of the jobs in inquiry and place the best options and the best classs of action to take. The director should so implement and measure the effectivity and efficiency of his actions.
Communication Skills-A good director should be able to listen to the juniors and any other thoughts from that may be of importance to the organisation. He should besides be able to do good presentations, give feedback on issues associating to running of the concern and be able to compose good studies.
Conflict direction skills.-The director should hold the ability to place the beginnings of struggle in the organisation and understand the personal manner of struggle declaration. He should besides develop the best scheme of covering with the struggle and advance positive struggle in the organisation.
Negotiation Skills -The ideal director should develop rational thought in dialogue. By making so, he will avoid assorted errors in dialogue and develop an effectual accomplishment in dialogue that assists both parties.
Self-awareness and improvement-The director should understand the importance of emotions in work and self-development. In add-on, the director should try to understand the importance of self-motivation and how to efficaciously pull off self-learning and alteration.
Successful directors must hold certain qualities which should be able to specify them.
They should hence be:
Enthusiastic: This means that the director should ever be positive about everything because it helps to actuate those under them. Enthusiastic directors are committed to their ends because they express this through their optimism.
Good communicator: The best directors who have good communicating accomplishments support single and squad accomplishments by making guidelines for carry throughing undertakings and calling promotion for squad members.
Competence: Directors should hold the ability to successfully take others by holding a past winning path record. A competent director has expertise in direction accomplishments which enables him to animate encourage, challenge and theoretical account.
Ability to depute: The manner a director cheques and controls the work of others demonstrates his ability to depute. A good director should go forth the other squad members to take part in the work actively.
Help employees set ends: Talking to employees aids in enabling them to understand the overall ends of the concern. The director should so assist them to put single ends which are geared towards accomplishing the long term concern ends. Positively speaking with employees and leting them to take part in end scene will actuate the workers to work harder.
Effective direction manners
Directors are those people who can do the most out of their employees through their inspiration.
Harmonizing to the tutor2u concern site ( 2010 ) Managers use different types of direction manners harmonizing to the penchant of the single director. These direction manners are discussed below:
Autocratic direction manner: There is close supervising and control of employees and all determinations are made by the director. Workers are non trusted. They are merely given orders which they are expected to follow to the latter. It means that in this manner communicating is one manner.
This manner is really of import when covering with big figure of semi-skilled workers who can non do certain determinations on their ain. It may besides be appropriate in clip of crisis when fast determinations must be made.
Paternalistic direction manner: Directors utilizing this manner give more importance to the societal demands and position of workers. Decisions are hence made in the best involvements of workers. In add-on, directors consult employees over issues and they listen to their feedback and sentiments.
Democratic Management manner: Directors utilizing this manner swear their employees and will depute to them some of the responsibilities and promote them to do some determinations. This requires two manner communicating and listening to employees advice. This means that the directors should promote democratic treatment groups which form the footing of utile thoughts. This manner is merely effectual when determinations are made based on the major positions of most workers.
Harmonizing to Vercillo K. ( 2010 ) , there are 10 traits that an effectual concern director should hold. These are:
Self motive: The director should understand the ends of the concern and develop single schemes for accomplishing the ends. As such, he should be capable of making the occupation with minimal supervising.
Great client service accomplishments: An effectual director should be effectual in covering with clients and /or clients. He should therefore be effectual in managing jobs which may happen with the clients. This means that the director should be capable of doing even the hard clients happy in order to retain the client and guarantee concern growing.
Be a squad participant: The director should be interested in doing the concern to turn. This means he should be ready to work with a squad of people for the betterment of the overall concern.
Conflict declaration abilities: The director should function as a jobber between the lower employees and the company. He should hence do an attempt to work out any differences that may originate between employees themselves or employees and the direction.
Knowledge of the industry: The director should be able to reply all inquiries asked by clients, clients and even staff members. The director should non merely hold advanced or specialized experience in the Fieldss but should besides hold a thirst for more cognition about the industry.
Although there are some people who still argue that leaders are the same as directors, there are some differences between the two constructs which can non be ignored.
Directors have subsidiaries unless the rubric is honorary. This means that directors are paid to acquire things done and can hence be said to be subsidiaries of other people.
On the other manus, leaders have followings and it hence means that when person is prima, he or she has to give up formal authoritative control because taking is majorly about voluntary work.
There are nevertheless some properties that must be possessed by both directors and leaders. For case both the leader and the director must hold good communicating accomplishments to be able to clear up issues for attainment of overall best consequences.
Harmonizing to Clemmer J ( 1996 ) , both direction and leading are of import for a high acting organisation. It is hence of import to understand the similarities and differences between the two constructs. This will assist us to equilibrate and better the two functions.
It is for case of import to understand that you can merely take people and manage people.
Harmonizing to Kotelnikov V ( 2001 ) , leaders strive to prehend chances and magnify strengths while directors avert menaces and cut down failings. As the old adage says, leading is making the right thing while direction is making things right. However you should non brood so much on the differences because both functions are required for corporate growing since the hazard of leading creates chances while the stringency of direction turns them into touchable consequences.
It means hence, to be successful in concern one must be both a good leader and director because you will hold to acquire followings who can easy listen to you and set the set ends into action.Proper direction of organisational resources will minimise losingss and in the long tally maximise the value of the house.
Excessive usage of managerial authorization may discourage the workers from making their work good because they will be put to deathing their responsibilities with fright. The directors should therefore device good communicating mechanisms that will guarantee that they are able to understand the frights of the workers and in bend aid work out their jobs in clip.
In decision, good direction and leading accomplishments should be used efficaciously for the improvement of the organisation because the two are inseparable and in most organisations leaders are the directors.