Peculiarities of organisational culture in army

“ So near is grandeur to our Dust
So near to God is adult male,
When responsibility susurrations low, Thou must
The young person answers, I can. ”

-Emerson, Volunteers

The purpose of ground forces is to safe guard the territorial unity of the state.

To guarantee this the ground forces must contend and win conflicts. To win the conflict three things must go on [ one ] :

  1. Forces and arms must be brought together and concentrated at the critical clip and topographic points.
  2. The conflict itself must be directed and controlled to accomplish the maximal consequence of fire and tactic at the decisive locations.
  3. The soldiers must use their arms with accomplishment to kill and the will to win.

For the above mentioned things to happen, the full ground forces is created and trained for the specific aim of combat and winning the conflicts. That is why the administration of the ground forces is wholly different from any other administration and the organizational civilization in the ground forces is wholly different from the organizational civilization in any other administration. Not much informations or written stuff is available to entree the organizational civilization in the ground forces nevertheless after interacting with functioning and retired officers and work forces following distinctive features of the organizational civilization in the ground forces are brought out.

Dominant Valuess

Pride and Honor.

Serving in the armed forces gives a ferocious sense of pride to the individual in that he has joined a baronial profession. He feels that he is working in a profession where when called upon to execute his responsibility, he can put down his life for the state. It is this sense of pride and fulfillment which enables a functioning defense mechanism individual to stand tall and confident.

Espirit de Corps.

The bond between companions which develops in the face of danger gives the ground forces a ferocious sense of spirit de corps and trueness to each other which is possibly inexplicable in the normal occupations.


Courage is the mantal quality that recognises fright of danger but enables a adult male to accept duty and act right in endangering state of affairs with composure. This quality is the most stressed upon during preparation and is a requirement for successful achievement of undertakings in the battleground.


Loyalty is the quality of fidelity to the state, Army, unit and co-workers. This norm is possibly less seeable in administrations other than the ground forces. This norm enable a soldier to stand by his administration and co-workers at the clip of demand. It besides is a hindrance for the service affairs being discussed outside the service environment.


Integrity is the erectness of the character and soundness of the moral rules. In the ground forces the bets are really high to put the lives of the military personnels in the custodies of people with questionable unity. Therefore this quality is one of the most sure upon and is ne’er compromised. The military profession does non allow the slightest divergence from the highest criterions of personal unity.


All the functioning soldiers are subjected to the rigorous regulations of the Army Act which to some extent infringe upon even the basic rights of the soldiers as the citizens of the state in order to enable the oragnisation to work. These Army Acts and Army Rules are in add-on to the jurisprudence of the land. Thus a soldier has to populate within the confines of the jurisprudence of the land and the Army Act. In the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours working in the ground forces, the regulations and ordinances are purely followed and any divergence from the regulations are purely and quickly dealt with. There are luxuriant processs and actions for every undertaking and responsibility called the criterion operating processs that are followed in missive and spirit. Even in the everyday affairs of the disposal of the units the regulations and ordinances are purely followed.

Observed Behavioral Regularities.

There are several ascertained behavioral regularities in the ground forces which may look to be rather curious to the outside perceiver. First in the list is the clip tabular array and modus operandi which is followed in the units. Next is the linguistic communication and nomenclatures that are used in the ground forces to such an extent that any single non familiar with them is unable to intelligently construe the conversation between two soldiers. Following thing that sets the amy apart from any of the other administration is the erosion of the uniform which brings about the expectedness in the soldiers irrespective of their cultural or spiritual background. Following in the list are traditions and rites that are followed in the ground forces which includes drill ceremonials, toasting, paying court, sounding of bugles etc. Such rites are alone merely to the ground forces and can non be seen in any other oraganisation thereby allowing a alone nature to the ground forces.



Leadership is the art of influencing and directing work forces in such a manner so as to obtain their willing obeisance, assurance, regard and loyal cooperation. The kernel of military leading is to take work forces to achievement of mission even at the hazard to ain life. This demand of military leading requires a high grade of readying on the portion of the military leader to fix himself and his work forces to the ultimate undertaking of carry throughing the assigned mission ignoring personal safety.


The power of the higher-up over his subsidiary in the ground forces is absolute. the power vested in the superior officer by virtuousness of the Army Act are enormous. The higher-up has the full authorization of composing calling studies of his subsidiaries and besides has the right to penalize the subsidiaries for any misdemeanor of the laid down regulations. Furthermore the authorization of the higher-up does non stop with the on the job hours but continues till the clip the soldier is on active responsibility. This sort of authorization is non found in any other administration. The authorization in that instance ends with the working hours and the higher-up is in no manner concerned what his subsidiaries are making in their ain clip. In contrast the military leader is accountable for the professional every bit good as personal behavior of the work forces he commands.


The hierarchal construction of the ground forces is really stiff and for every bomber unit there is a channel of bid and a channel of describing for each person. This stiff channel of bid is indispensable for the sort of undertaking the ground forces is expected to execute in the operations so that the authorization and the charter of responsibilities of each person is clear and there is no ambiguity at the clip of operations. This channel of bid is non expected to be bypassed and any person is expected to near merely his immediate higher-up for redressal of any of his grudge.

Customss and Traditions

The imposts and traditions in the ground forces are built over a long period of clip and every one of them has a piece of history attached with it. These imposts and traditions are passed from one coevals to another in the ground forces and over a period of clip they have become common jurisprudence of which no misdemeanor is expected. The bulk of the imposts and traditions epitomise the highest set of criterions which are expected from a soldier and below which a soldier is ne’er expected to fall. Such stiff codification of behavior is non found in any other administration.


Though it is non given anyplace in written but it is common cognition that the basic doctrine that guides the ground forces is to fix for the future war. Every action and every idea in the ground forces is guided by the fact that the readying for the future war should be such that the ground forces should win in its assigned mission. The full peace clip modus operandi is focused towards winning the following war. This attempt is non quantifiable unless there is a war. Therefore ground forces may look to be anon productive administration to an perceiver but the fruits of relentless labor are seeable merely at the clip of the war.

Organizational Climate


A occupation in the ground forces is the merely 1 where the higher-up is non responsible for the one-year turnover but the lives of the work forces under his bid. The determination of the higher-up is a affair of life and decease of the work forces. This sort of duty imposes enormous force per unit area of duty on the leaders.

Social Fabric.

Possibly one of the greatest strength of ground forces as an administration is the societal cloth that exists in the administration. Military camps with its adjustments, installations, public assistance Centres brings about an environment of exclusivity for the households of the soldiers. This gives a feeling of coherence, individuality, pride and chumminess to the soldiers and to no lesser extent their households The presence of well- knit, homogeneous community of likeminded people keeping the highest criterions of ethical motives can non be found anyplace else. these bonds that are formed during the service go on even after retirement. There are administrations to look after the public assistance of the households and kids of the soldiers that are alone to the ground forces.

Sense of Adventure.

By the nature of the occupations a soldier is expected to execute in the ground forces, gives a sense of escapade. Life in the ground forces has long been associated with the active escapades due to the legion chances it presents.

Apolitical and Secular Climate.

The ground forces since independency has carefully nurtured its unpolitical image. There is a calculated attempt to maintain the administration free from political intervention and organizing political sentiments within the administration. The treatments on the political environment are discouraged at any of the assemblages. Similarly ground forces has besides cultivated its secular civilization in the administration and a soldier irrespective of his spiritual background is treated as an equal and is free to follow his faith but the ground forces as an administration has remained secular tolerating and promoting all faiths.

  1. Col Dandridge M Malone. Small Unit Leadership. Lancer Press India 1990.pp 24-25.
  2. Fred Luthans. Organizational Behavior. Irwin-McGraw Hill, 1998, pp 550-551
  3. Leadership. Headquarters ARTRAC Simla 1999.p 173.
  4. Malone. Op. cit. P 37.
  5. Ibid. P 39.
  6. Military Leadreship. DSSC Wellington Precis, Oct 2005. P 24.
  7. Luthans. Op cit. pp 550.
  8. Combat Leadership and Military Command. Army war College Precis. Sep 1998.p1.
  9. Col H R Roach. Customss and Etiquette in the Services. Natraj Publishers 1994. pp 1-3.
  10. Lt Gen S C Sardeshpande. War And Soldiering. Lancer publishers 1993.pp 16-17.
  11. Ibid. pp 30-41 et passim.